Knowing the appropriate time to sow your
In the UK, it is advisable to sow
For me, in northern England, up in the Pennines, this is early May, but the date can vary be quite a few weeks depending on where exactly you are.
Seed Starting Dates
In the UK, sowing
Growing tomatoes for indoor environments such as greenhouses or tunnels usually takes around six to eight weeks from seed sowing to transplanting.
Supplies and Equipment Needed
Ensuring you have the correct materials will give your tomato seedlings a strong and healthy beginning.
Seed Trays and Containers
If your seedlings are “leggy” (long and weak) then transplanting them deeply and giving them more light can help.
In the UK, the sunlight during early spring may not be sufficient for growing tomatoes indoors. Artificial grow lights can provide the necessary light to encourage strong growth:
Tomato seeds need warmth to germinate, and during the early spring months, even a windowsill might not be warm enough. Heating mats can help maintain an optimal temperature for seed germination:
- Waterproof heating mats: These are designed to distribute heat evenly, promoting consistent germination rates for your seeds. Place your seed trays on the mat during the germination process.
- Thermostat controls (optional): Some heating mats come with thermostats that allow you to control the temperature, ensuring optimal conditions for your
Steps to Start Tomatoes Indoors
Fill a container with well-moistened, sterile seed-starting mix and create shallow furrows about 1/4 inch deep. Place the seeds in the furrows, cover them lightly with the mix, and gently pat down the surface to ensure good seed-to-soil contact. For optimal germination, maintain a consistent temperature of around 18-20°C.
Providing Proper Lighting
Tomato seedlings require sufficient light in order to grow strong and healthy. In the UK, natural winter light levels may be too low, so consider using LED grow lights to supplement the light needed for the seedlings’ growth. Place the LED lights about 6-12 inches above the seedlings and adjust them as the plants grow.
Water the seedlings gently, ensuring that the soil stays moist but not waterlogged. Avoid overwatering, as this can lead to root rot and other problems. A good method to water tomato seedlings is by using a spray bottle, as it allows you to apply water evenly and in the right quantity without displacing the seeds.
About a month after planting the seeds, when the seedlings have developed two to three sets of true leaves, it’s time to transplant them into individual containers or pots.
Gently separate and remove the seedlings from the original container, taking care not to damage their delicate roots. Plant the seedlings in pots filled with a high-quality potting mix and continue to provide ample light, warmth, and water as needed.
Hardening Off Tomato Seedlings
Before transplanting your tomato seedlings outdoors, it is important to help them adjust gradually to their new environment. This process, known as hardening off, involves slowly exposing your seedlings to outdoor conditions, particularly colder temperatures and direct sunlight.
To begin hardening off your tomato plants, start about 2-4 weeks before the last frost in your area. Initially, take your plants outside for 1-2 hours per day in a spot that is sheltered from direct sunlight and wind. After a few days, increase their “outside time” up to 3-4 hours.
As your plants become more accustomed to the outdoor environment, gradually increase the time they spend outside and expose them to sunlight and windier conditions. This process should last two weeks, after which your tomato seedlings should be ready for transplanting into their final position.
Remember to continuously monitor the health of your tomato seedlings throughout the hardening-off process. If you notice any signs of stress or damage, adjust the conditions to ensure a successful outdoor transition.